Brazilian Embassy in Washington, DC:
Brazilian Consulate General in Miami, FL:
Brazilian Consulate General in Boston, MA:
Brazilian Consulate General in Chicago (Jurisdiction: IL, IN, IA, MI, MN, MO, ND, SD, WI):: www.brazilvisaservice.com
Brazilian Consulate General in Houston, TX: www.neosoft.com/~cgbrahou
Brazilian Consulate General in Los Angeles (Jurisdiction: MT, WY, UT, NV, AZ, HI, Southern CA): www.brazilian-consulate.org
Brazilian Consulate General in New York, NY:
Brazilian Consulate General in San Francisco, CA:
Permanent Mission of Brazil to the United Nations, New York: www.undp.org/missions/brazil
Executive Branch: www.brasil.gov.br
The Presidency: www.presidencia.gov.br
Attorney General of the Republic: www.pgr.mpf.gov.br
Ministry of Agriculture: www.agricultura.gov.br
Ministry of Communication: www.mc.gov.br
Ministry of Culture: www.cultura.gov.br
Ministry of Defense: www.defesa.gov.br
Ministry of Development, Industry and Commerce
Ministry of Education: www.mec.gov.br
Ministry for the Environment, Water Resources and the Amazon: www.meioambiente.gov.br
Ministry for External Relations: www.mre.gov.br
Ministry of Finance: www.fazenda.gov.br
Ministry of Health: www.saude.gov.br/saude
Ministry of Justice: www.mj.gov.br
Ministry of Labor: www.mtb.gov.br
Ministry of Mines and Energy: www.mme.gov.br
Ministry of National Integration: www.integracao.gov.br
Ministry of Planning and Budget: www.planejamento.gov.br
Ministry for Science and Technology: www.mct.gov.br
Ministry of Social Security and Assistance: www.mpas.gov.br
Ministry of Sports: www.esporte.gov.br
Ministry of Tourism: www.turismo.gov.br
Ministry of Transportation: www.transportes.gov.br
Special Ministry for Rural Land Policy: www.incra.gov.br
Legislative Branch of the Brazilian Government:
Diário Oficial da União (equivalent of the Federal Register): www.in.gov.br
Federal Senate: www.senado.gov.br
Federal Constitution of 1988: www.senado.gov.br/bdtextual/const88/const88i.htm
Federal Judicial Auditing Office (Tribunal de Contas da União): www.tcu.gov.br
Federal Supreme Court: www.stf.gov.br
Supreme Court of Labor: www.tst.gov.br
Banco Central do Brasil: www.bcb.gov.br
Brazilian Foreign Trade Association: www.aeb.org.br
BNDES-Banco Nacional do Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social: www.bndes.gov.br
CNPq-National Scientific and Technological Development Council: www.cnpq.br
IBGE-Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics: www.ibge.gov.br
RNP-National Research Network: www.rnp.br
Viajar para os Estados Unidos passo a passo:
Guia Prático elaborado pela Embaixada do Brasil em Washington: http://www.brasilemb.org/images/users/220/guia.pdf informações úteis ao cidadão brasileiro nos Estados Unidos. sobre política imigratória norte-americana, vistos para não-imigrantes e imigrantes, documentação necessária, Green card
Consulate General of Brazil in Miami
Cultural and Information Department:
Centro Cultural Brasil-Usa80 SW 8th Street, Suite 2600Miami, FL 33130Tel. (305) 376-8864 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting (305) 376-8864 end_of_the_skype_highlighting / Fax: (305) 376-8865 email@example.com
Organizaçoes de artes
Tigertail Productions: http://www.tigertail.org
Books & Books Brazilian Portuguese Reading Group: http://www.booksandbooks.com
Ada Merritt (Elementary school teaching in English and Portuguese): http://adamerritt.dadeschools.net/
University of Miami (Portuguese program): http://www.fll.miami.edu/fll/Butterman.htm
U.M. Center for Latin American Studies (CLAS): http://www.as.miami.edu/las/
U.M. Study Abroad in Brazil : http://www.miami.edu/cstudies-ieep-semester-Brazil/
Florida International University Latin American and Caribbean Studies Center (LACC): http://lacc.fiu.edu
American Association of Teachers of Portuguese: http://portugues.groupsite.com/
Bate Papo": firstname.lastname@example.org
News / Media in Miami
-Jornal Achei USA - Sul da Florida (notícias, classificados, serviços e entretenimento - semanal)
Jornal TC Brazil - quinzenal: http://www.tcbrazil.com/
Jornal Brazilian Press - quinzenal: http://brazilianpress.locaweb.com.br/index.html
Jornal Brazilian Times - semanal : http://www.braziliantimes.com/
BB - Brasileiras&Brasileiros email@example.com
Brazilian Paper www.brazilianpaper.net
The Brazilian Post www.brazilianpost.com
Brazilian Press Newspaper www.brazilianpress.com
Gazeta – Brazilian News www.gazetanews.com
IC – Imigrante Cristão" firstname.lastname@example.org
Nossa Gente www.nossagente.net
Momento Brasileiro email@example.com
TC Brasil Newspaper www.tcbrazil.com
Acontece Magazine www.acontecemagazine.com ou www.acontece.com
Florida Review: http://www.floridareview.com/
Linha Aberta www.linhaaberta.com
Sobre Rodas www.sobrerodasusa.comTititi News www.tititinews.com
Café Brasil www.wdna.org
Radio Brazil www.radiobrasil.fm
TV Online - EUA
TV Globo Internacional http://www.superstationmedia.com
Tv record Internacional Tel. 3055296262
BR TV www.brtvonline.com
RIT TV www.rittv.com
Vistos de estudantes e negócios para os EUA - agencia do Departamento independente do governo Norte-Americanohttp://www.visto-eua.com.br
vistos pelo consulado:Formularios, Informacoes, Pagamento via internet, Agendamento onlineConsulado Americano SP
Obtenção de vistos nos EUA: U.S. Visa, Embaixada Americana no Brasil (Brasilia)
Viagem e Turismo:
Escritórios de Turismo dos Estados Norte-Americanos no Brasil, See America
Travel Agent Association of São Paulo's interior: http://www.aviesp.org.br/
- Viagens e Imagens (USA) EUA, hotéis, carros, passeios, comer, dicas uteis. por Estado e cidades!
- Rede Social de brasileiros nos eua. http://www.bisado.com
- informaçoes sobre os eua http://www.brasileirosnosestadosunidos.com
- Na Terra do Tio Sam - Um blog com informações úteis sobre os EUA.
- Mãos de Vaca.com - Nova York para pessoas desejam economizar.
- Tio Sam utilidades e informaçoes
- Imigrar dicas
- Curso gratuíto de Inglês Online estudar
Eletrobras EPE (Empresa de Pesquisas Energéticas)Ministério das Minas e Energia (MME)National Electrical Energy Agency
(ANEEL)National Systems Operator
Associação Brasileira de Franchising (Brazilian Association of Franchising) - http://www.abf.com.br/
Marcas e Patentes:
INPIFAPESPU.s. Patent and Trade Office (Em inglês)
Internet, E-Commerce e Software:
EletrobrasFurnas Centrais Elétricas SAAbineeNEMA
Médico, Laboratoriais, Saúde:
Sindipecas Anfavea Andap
Comunicações e Telecomunicações:
AnatelFCC TIA Abert / AbecortelAbinee Telecomonline Telcomp SET TELECO
Máquinas e Equipamentos:
ABIQUIM (Associação Brasileira da Indústria Química) Brazilian ChemicalsABIFINA (Associação Brasileira das Indústrias de Química Fina)
Serviço Geológico Brasileiro:
Revistas Especializadas: http://www.signuseditora.com.br/
( Magazine "Brazil Mineral")http://www.inthemine.com.br/
(New magazine, started in 2006).Associação dos Geólogos: http://www.geologo.com.br/
Abimaq : http://www.abimaq.org.br/
ABIMAQ/SINDIMAQABIQUIMABIPLASTSindicato da Industria de Resinas Sinteticas no Estado de Sao Paulo
Portos e Estradas de Rodagem: Ministério dos Transportes:
Associação Nacional: http://www.antf.org.br/Revista Valor Economico
ONIP – Organização Nacional da Indústria do Petróleo
Av. Graça Aranha, 1– 5th floor20030-002 Rio de JaneiroRoberto Azevedo de O. Magalhães, Superintendent, Industrial RelationsTel.: 55 21 2563-4630 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting 55 21 2563-4630 end_of_the_skype_highlighting Fax: 55 21 2563-4616E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Agência Nacional de Petróleo - ANP (National Petroleum Agency)Florival Carvalho, Superintendent, Planning and Strategic StudiesAv. Rio Branco, 65 – Centro20090-004 - Rio de Janeiro, RJPhone: 55-21-2112-8353 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting 55-21-2112-8353 end_of_the_skype_highlightingFax: 55-21-2112-8129E-mail: email@example.com
IBP- Instituto Brasileiro de Petróleo (Brazilian Petroleum Institute)
Seguros:Superintendência de Seguros :
http://www.marisolrivera.com ( em Inglês)
Tarifas/Impostos:Aduaneiras AmchamAgência de Promoção de Exportações (APEX)Global Invest
Legislação Brasileira, Licitações, Publicações, Indicadores e Estatísticas:
Department of Labor (USA)
MCT DEFESANET INPE Infraero Abimde EmbraerRevista do Setor - Aviação em Revista
Setor de DefesaForça AéreaRevista do Setor - Aero Magazine
Informações de Entre preneurismo
economia dos E.U.A. - Site do Governo Norte-Americano.
Reclamações de fraudes e golpes que foram aplicados por empresas americanas:
Embaixada Brasileira em Washington DC. Tel: 1/202/238-2700
Leis dos EUA (Em inglês):
Biblioteca do Congresso AmericanoConsulado Americano em SPDepartamento de Estado dos EUA
Assistência a empresários brasileiros no Exterior:
Ministério das Relações Exteriores
Como abrir empresa nos EUA:
- Embaixada Americana
- Ministério das Relações Exteriores.
Como estaelecer um escritório de representação em Nova Iorque:
Em Ingles: NEW YORK CITY ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT CORP.Ms. Anne M. MurrayVice President, International Business DevelopmentTel.: (212) 312-3859
- Thomas Register- TGRNet.com
- Embaixada Brasileira em Washington DC. Tel: 1/202/238-2700Agencia de Promocao a Exportacao (APEX).
- Associação Latino-Americana de Integração (ALADI)
- Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA)
- Fundação Centro de Estudos de Comércio Exterior (FUNCEX)
- Ministério do Desenvolvimento Indústria e Comércio Exterior (MDIC)
- Portal do Exportador
- World Trade Organization (WTO)- Brazil Trade Net
- Dominio Publico - Acervo que permite busca por artigos, documentos e videos Economia, Administracao, Direito, Turismo entre outras categorias (Em vários idiomas)
para brasileiros portadores de visto norte-americano
— Última modificação 05/08/2009
CONSULADO-GERAL DO BRASIL EM ATLANTA
3500 Lenox Road, Suite 800, One Alliance Center, Atlanta, GA, 30326
Tel: (404) 949-2400 - Fax: (404) 949-2402
Para esclarecimento de dúvidas: firstname.lastname@example.org
Aberto ao público de 9h às 13h, de segunda a sexta-feira.
Fechado nos feriados nacionais norte-americanos e no Dia 7 de Setembro.
Jurisdição sobre os estados de: Alabama, Carolina do Norte, Carolina do Sul, Georgia, Mississippi e Tennessee
COMO OBTER INFORMAÇÕES DA IMIGRAÇÃO NORTE-AMERICANA
Como a legislação imigratória norte-americana tem estado sujeita a constantes mudanças, de caráter cada vez mais restritivo, somente é possível oferecer orientações sobre quais os procedimentos a seguir pela pessoas interessadas, que devem verificar pessoalmente a legislação em vigor. Antes de contactá-las, aconselhamos fazer uma busca nos "sites"’ da imigração norte-americana, a saber:
Se as informações encontradas não forem suficientes, o Consulado sugere que os interessados contactem o seguinte número (1800) 375-5283, da imigração norte-americana, de segunda a sexta-feira, das 07:30 às 14:00 horas. O Número é para atendimento automático e oferece um menu de opções para que a pessoa interessada possa responder de acordo com sua situação e com a informação que deseja obter.
Informações e formulários sobre assuntos imigratórios também podem ser obtidos nas Bibliotecas públicas ("public libraries").
A visa allows a foreign citizen coming from abroad to travel to the United States port-of entry and request permission to enter the U.S. Applicants should be aware that a visa does not guarantee entry into the United States. The US Borders and Customs Protection Officer from the US Department of Homeland and Security or "CBP" officials have authority to allow or deny admission to the United States.
The I-94 Form is the Arrival/Departure Record issued by a CBP officer ("US Borders and Customs Protection Officer from the US Department of Homeland and Security" officer) to foreign visitors entering the United States. If you are allowed to enter the US, the CBP official will determine the length of your visit on the "Arrival-Departure Record" or I-94 Form.
Upon arrival (at an international airport, seaport or land border crossing), you will be enrolled in the US-VISIT entry-exit program. In addition, some travelers will also need to register their entry into and their departure from the U.S. with the Special Registration program. The Department of Homeland Security, Customs and Border Protection internet site offers additional information on Admissions/Entry requirements.
The admitting CBP officer attaches the I-94 to the visitor’s passport and stamps the arrival date as well the length of the stay. The length of the stay must not be confused with the length of the visa. During the length of the visa, the visitor may enter the US multiple times. But the length of his/her stay in the US will depend on the length stamped by the CBP at each entrance.
The visitor must exit the U.S. on or before that date stamped in the I-94 Form and this form must be turned in to a CBP officer when the visitor exits the U.S. If for some reason the I-94 Form is not turned in to a CBP officer, the visitor will be considered to have an "overstay" and he/she have a future entry denied.
I-94 not stamped or incorrectly filled out: If your I-94 was not stamped with a departure date or was filled out incorrectly, you may go to a local CBP field Office to have it corrected. Many offices have limited hours for administrative work, so call ahead to make sure there will be someone available to help you. If you can't find an office, call 877-CBP-5511 and ask for assistance.
I-94 Stolen: If your I-94 is lost or stolen, you will have to replace it. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services will handle this, and there is a charge for that service.
I-94 Form – request for an extension of the period of stay: If you wish to extend your authorized period of stay in the United States or change your nonimmigrant status (visa classification), you will need to file an Application to Extend/Change Nonimmigrant Status (I-539 Form) with USCIS. You will be asked to submit your original I-94 Form upon filing the application.
I-94 Form never received: If you were not given an I-94 Form when you were legally admitted to the United States, please file an I-102 Form. You will need to provide USCIS with proof that you were legally admitted to the United States. A stamped copy of your passport and copies of travel tickets, if applicable, should suffice. Be sure to file the I-102 Form at the same time you submit your I-539 Form to extend/change your nonimmigrant status. You can obtain these forms and information on how to file the application on the USCIS Web site at http://www.uscis.gov/.
OVERSTAYING IN THE US
If a request to stay past the initial period of admission was denied by the Citizenship and Immigration Services-CIS, how long does the visitor have before he/she needs to leave the U.S.? The CIS generally allows you 30 days to depart the U.S. starting from the date on the letter notifying you of their decision to deny an extension. If you do not depart within 30 days, you will be considered deportable. The CIS cautions that if you are refused permission to extend your stay, you may encounter problems with Consulates overseas the next time you apply for a U.S. visa because their computer records will indicate that you did not leave the U.S. within the time frame of your initial period of entry. Therefore, be sure to keep your rejection letter and proof of the date of your departure (a boarding pass is the best thing, but passport stamps showing entry into another country is also helpful) to give to the US Consulate the next time you apply for a new visa. Having those documents may mitigate your apparent overstay and could improve your chances of renewing your visa without the five year restriction usually applied to people that have overstayed their visit.
B-1 and B-2 visas
B1 and B2 visas are usually issued for a term of 10 years. However, each visit may last up to six months, depending on the length of the stay that the Immigration Authorities at the Airport will write in your I-94 form which you received when you first entered. Some categories of visitors may apply to extend their visit once they are in the US for an additional period of 6 months.
B1 and B2 visitors may visit, during their stay in the U.S, Canada, Mexico, or the Caribbean islands (but not Cuba) for up to 30 days and re-enter the US as long as you re-enter within the period noted on the Form I – 94 and depart the US before that period expires, in order to avoid an "overstay"’.
If the bearer of a B-1 or bB-2 visa visits countries other than the ones mentioned above, the return to the US will be considered to be a new admission, rather than a re-entry from a contiguous country in the course of your initial visit, and the admission inspection may be more strenuous. For instance, the Officer inspecting you will want evidence that you intend to go back home to your country of citizenship to live as opposed to returning again and again to the U.S. after visiting other countries.
Remember, a B1 or B2 visa allows its bearer to come to the U.S. to visit. If the Immigration Officer suspects that the person is actually trying to be a *de facto* resident, he/she 0ay have the entry denied.
A re-entry, of course, depends on the person’s continued eligibility to enter. If he/she has been arrested or committed an illegal act resulting in a warrant in his/her name since the time the visa was issued, the person could have his/her re-entry denied.
For additional information on the F-1 Visa issued for students, pelase visit the following site:
The F-1 category includes academic students in colleges, universities, seminaries, conservatories, academic high schools, other academic institutions, and in language training.
If you wish to attend a public high school (grades 9 through 12) in the United States in student (F-1) status, you must submit evidence that the local school district has been reimbursed in advance for the unsubsidized per capita cost of the education.
Also, attendance at U.S. public high schools cannot exceed a total of 12 months. F-1 students are prohibited from attending public elementary schools and publicly-funded adult education programs in the United States.
When you contact a school that you are interested in attending, you should be told immediately if the school accepts foreign national students. If you are accepted, the school should give you the USCIS Form I-20 A-B/ID (Certificate of Eligibility for Nonimmigrant (F-1) Student Status - for Academic and Language Students). The form should be taken to the nearest U.S. consulate to obtain a student visa. You must also prove to the consulate that you have the financial resources required for your education and stay in the United States. Your school will have a designated school official (DSO) to help you with immigration issues.
When you arrive in the United States, you should receive a Form I-94 (Arrival-Departure Record) that will include your admission number to the United States. An Immigration inspector will write the admission number on your USCIS Form I-20 A-B/ ID.
The Immigration Inspector will then send pages one and two of this form, known as I-20 A-B, to your school as a record of your legal admission to the United States. You are expected to keep pages three and four, known as the I-20 ID. This document is your proof that you are allowed to study in the United States as an F-1 student.
You should see your designated school official (DSO) if you need a replacement copy of your I-20 ID. You should also keep safe your Form I-94, because it proves that you legally entered the United States.
How to apply for a permission to transfer schools :
You must be a full time student in good academic standing. You must notify your current school of your intent to transfer. You must ask the school that you plan on attending to give you a new USCIS Form I-20 A-B/ID (Certificate of Eligibility for Nonimmigrant (F-1) Student Status - for Academic and Language Students). You must complete your portion of the USCIS Form I-20 and give it to your new designated school official (DSO) within 15 days of transferring. The designated school official (DSO) should give you the last two pages, known as Form I-20 ID, and forward a copy of the first two pages, known as Form I-20 A-B, to the USCIS and your prior school.
How long can a F-1 visa student stay in the United States? You are allowed to stay in the United States for as long as you are enrolled as a full-time student in an educational program and making normal progress toward completing your course of study.If approved, you will also be allowed to stay in the country up to twelve additional months beyond the completion of your studies to pursue practical training. At the end of your studies or practical training, you will be given sixty days to prepare to leave the country.
How to get a Work Permit? You may be allowed to work on-campus or off-campus (after the completion of your first year of study) under limited circumstances. You may also wish to discuss employment with the designated school official (DSO) at your school. Your accompanying spouse and child may not accept employment.
Can a F-1 visa student travel outside the United States? When making your travel plans, please remember that you must be a full-time student to keep your F-1 student status. You will be considered to be "in status" if you take the annual summer vacation, as long as you are eligible and intend to register for the next school term. Students may leave the United States and be readmitted after absences of five months or less. Upon your return to the United States, you
should provide the immigration inspectors with the following documents:
- A valid passport.
- A valid F-1 entry visa stamped in the passport (if necessary).
- A current USCIS Form I-20 ID (Certificate of Eligibility for Nonimmigrant (F-1) Student Status - for Academic and Language Students) signed by your appropriate school official (you should have the appropriate school official sign your USCIS Form I-20 each time you wish to temporarily travel outside the United States).
A new USCIS Form I-20 A-B/I-20 ID if there has been any substantive change in your course of study or place of study.
- Proof of your financial support.
H-1B classification applies to persons in a specialty occupation which requires the theoretical and practical application of a body of highly specialized knowledge requiring completion of a specific course of higher education. This classification requires a labor attestation issued by the Secretary of Labor. This classification also applies to Government-to-Government research and development, or co-production projects administered by the Department of Defense.
In order to be considered as a nonimmigrant under the above classifications the applicant's prospective employer or agent must file Form I-129, Petition for Nonimmigrant Worker, with the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services in the Department of Homeland Security (USCIS). Important Note: It is very important for prospective employers to file the petition as soon as possible (but not more than 6 months before the proposed employment will begin) to provide adequate time for petition and subsequent visa processing. Should you need petition processing faster, see Premium Processing Service on USCIS website.
Once approved, the employer or agent is sent a Notice of Action, Form I-797, the notification of petition approval. However, the I-797 is no longer needed for the visa applicant's interview, since petition approval is now verified in the Department of State's system called Petition Information Management Service (PIMS).
In order to verify the petition approval, we will need your approved I-129 petition receipt number so please make sure to have this available. It should be noted that the approval of a petition shall not guarantee visa issuance to an applicant found to be ineligible under provisions of the Immigration and Nationality Act.
PIMS Processing Update: Important information for prospective employers and visa applicants, when extension of stay, change of status or petition amendment has been requested.
The USCIS and the State Department have agreed to a process that will facilitate the entry of nonimmigrant petition-based employment visa petitions (H, L, O, P, Q) into the State Department’s Petition Information Management Service (PIMS) system, where an extension of stay, change of status, or petition amendment is requested.
Upon approval of a petition where a change, extension, or amendment is requested and the petitioner provides duplicate original petitions to the USCIS with original signatures on all forms as would otherwise be done for consular notification, the USCIS will send the duplicate copy to the State Department’s Kentucky Consular Center (KCC) for scanning and entry into the PIMS database. Persons are encouraged to identify the duplicate petition with a brightly-colored cover sheet and to mark on it "Please send this copy to KCC upon approval."
Therefore, if there is any chance that the beneficiary will need to obtain a visa at a US embassy or consulate after a change, extension, or petition amendment, it is advisable to file a duplicate petition set with original signatures on the forms.
Applying for a Visa
Applicants for temporary work visas should generally apply at the American Embassy or Consulate with jurisdiction over their place of permanent residence.
Although visa applicants may apply at any U.S. consular office abroad, it may be more difficult to qualify for the visa outside the country of permanent residence. As part of the visa application process, an interview at the embassy consular section is required for visa applicants from age 14 through 79.
Persons age 13 and younger, and age 80 and older, generally do not require an interview, unless requested by embassy or consulate. To make an appointment for interview you will need to provide the receipt number that is printed on the approved Form I-129 petition.
The waiting time for an interview appointment for applicants can vary, so early visa application is strongly encouraged. Visa wait times for interview appointments and visa processing time information for each U.S. Embassy or Consulate worldwide is available on our website at Visa Wait Times, and on most embassy websites.
During the visa application process, usually at the interview, an ink-free, digital fingerprint scan will be quickly taken. Some applicants will need additional screening, and will be notified when they apply.
J-I VISA for Exchange Visitors – Visa Waiver Information
J-1 Visas are issued by the US Government "for educational and cultural exchange programs" and has several different categories each one with its own and regulations (such as: Au- Pair Camp, Counselor, secondary Student, college/university Student, Government Visitor, International Visitor reserved for U.S.
Department of State use, Alien physician, Professor, Research Scholar, Short-term Scholar, Specialist, Summer work/travel, Teacher, Trainee). Additional information on that kind of visa can be found at the following site:
Exchange visitors under J-1 visas must return to their home country upon after the time indicated on their DS-2019 form expires.
The initial admission of an exchange visitor may not exceed the period specified on Form DS-2019, plus a period of 30 days for the purpose of travel. The 30-day grace or travel status period is intended to be a period following the end of the exchange visitor’s program and is to be used for domestic travel and/or to prepare for and depart from the U.S., and for no other purpose." Those who wish to remain in the US and or change their visa status must first get a "waiver" from the Embassy of their home country.
Form DS 2019
Participants in the "J" program must present a Form DS-2019 "Certificate of Eligibility for Exchange Visitor (J-1) Status" prepared by a designated sponsoring organization. The U.S. Customs and Border Protection (or CBP) has the authority to both deny admission of J-1 visa holders and to determine (again, the CBP, not the Department of State Consular Officer) the period for which the bearer of a J-1 exchange visitor visa is authorized to stay in the United States. At the port of entry, a CBP official stamps and endorses the Form I-94, or "Record of Arrival-Departure", specifying the period of time that the alien is authorized to stay in the United States. Exchange visitors must have their Form DS-2019 in their possession each time they enter the United States.
How Do I Extend My Stay? Those exchange visitors who wish to stay beyond the time indicated on their DS-2019 Form should review the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs information site and look for: Adjustments to the J-1 Status
Program Extension: The responsible officer has the discretion to extend a participant's program to its maximum regulatory duration, that is, to the limit imposed by the regulations specific to a program category or to a program sponsor's designation.
A new Form DS-2019 reflecting the extension is issued to the participant. Extensions beyond the maximum program duration are allowed in some program categories for exceptional or unusual circumstances, with approval from the Department of State. To obtain approval for such extensions, the responsible officer must submit a written request that justifies the petition and provides supporting documentation to the Department of State on behalf of the participant paying a nonrefundable fee.
Change of Category: Any change of category must be clearly consistent with and closely related to the participant's original exchange objective, and necessary due to unusual or exceptional circumstances. Participants should address all inquiries regarding change of category to the responsible officer of their programs. The responsible officer submits a written request with supporting justification for the change to the Department of State on behalf of the participant. If the Department grants the request, the responsible officer issues a new Form DS-2019 that reflects the change. If the request is denied, the participant is expected to return home no later than 30 days from the date of the Department's notice or the program's end date indicated on the Form DS-2019, whichever is later.
Transfer: The transfer of a participant from one program (sponsor) to another may be allowed at the discretion of the responsible officers and must be within the same category. The responsible officer of the program to which the participant seeks to transfer is required to verify the participant's visa status and eligibility, to issue a new Form DS-2019 reflecting the transfer, and to obtain the release of the participant from the current responsible officer, who indicates approval of the transfer by completing and signing block 8 of the new Form DS-2019. Transfers are not permitted in all categories, and a transfer does not extend the maximum duration of the program.
Participants are subject to the Department of State's Exchange Visitor Program regulations, and to the rules specified by their sponsors. Participants found to be in violation of program regulations and/or sponsors' rules may be terminated from the program. Other grounds for termination include, but are not limited to 1) failure to pursue the exchange activities for which the participant was admitted to the United States; 2) inability to continue the program; 3) willful failure to maintain insurance coverage as required under 22 CFR 62.14; and 4) unauthorized employment.Participants who withdraw or are terminated from their exchange programs are expected to leave the United States immediately.
Reinstatement: Reinstatement to valid program status becomes necessary when 1) an exchange visitor's participation in his or her program has somehow interrupted or ended; or 2) the participant remains in the United States beyond the program end date indicated on the current Form DS-2019. Regulatory violations requiring reinstatement of the visitor's status are classified as: minor or technical infractions, which are considered to be a "correction of the record," and which the responsible officer may adjust without prior authorization of the Department of State; substantive, which require the authorization of the Department of State prior to adjustment; and non-reinstatable. Minor Or Technical Infractions: These include, but are not limited to: failure to 1) extend a participant's program before the end date on the Form DS-2019; 2) process a program transfer prior to the end date on the Form DS-2019; or 3) receive approval and an amended Form DS-2019 prior to accepting an honorarium or other type of payment for an allowable activity. The responsible officer may correct the participant's record within 120 days of the stated end date of the participant's program by issuing a new Form DS-2019 that 1) shows continued authorized stay without interruption; 2) indicates the appropriate purpose code and the additional notation "correct the record"; and 3) is dated as of the date the adjusted Form DS-2019 is executed.
Substantive Infractions: These are: 1) failure to maintain valid program status for more than 120 calendar days after the program end date indicated on the Form DS-2019; and, if the participant is a student, 2) failure to maintain a full course of study without prior consultation with (and approval of) the responsible officer or the alternate responsible officer of the sponsor and with the student's academic advisor. The responsible officer must apply to the Department of State for reinstatement on behalf of the participant. The petition should include: 1) all copies of the participant's Forms DS-2019 issued to date; 2) a new, completed Form DS-2019, showing in Block 3 the new program end date; a copy of the receipt showing that the Public Law 104-208 fee has been paid; a written statement with supporting documentation justifying the request.
The statement should 1) declare that the exchange visitor is pursuing at all times the activity for which he or she entered the United States; and show that 2) the participant's failure to maintain valid program status was due to circumstances beyond his or her control or to administrative delay or oversight; and 3) it would be an unusual hardship to the participant if the Department of State does not grant the reinstatement to valid program status. A nonrefundable fee of $198 is payable to the US Department of State. Program regulations provide additional information on the application process for reinstatement petitions due to substantive infractions.
Non-Reinstatable: Infractions the following infractions preclude reinstatement. Applications for reinstatement submitted to the Department of State showing any of these infractions will be denied: 1) willful and knowing failure to comply with program insurance requirements; 2) unauthorized employment; 3) involuntary suspension or termination from the most recent exchange visitor program; 4) failure to maintain valid program status for more than 270 calendar days; 5) receipt of a favorable recommendation from the Department of State on an application for waiver of section 212(e) of the Immigration and Nationality Act [8 USC 1182(e); and 6) failure to pay the Public Law 104-208 fee.
K- 1 Nonimmigrant Visa for fiancé – or Fiancée Visa I-129F
For visa purposes a fiancé(e) is a person who is engaged or contracted to be married. An American citizen who wants his/her foreign fiancé(e) to travel to the United States to get married and to live in the U.S must file a "Petition for Alien Fiancé(e)" or Form I-129 F with the Department of Homeland Security's U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) Office that serves the area of his/her residency. The petition can not be filed at an embassy, consulate or U.S. immigration office abroad. After the USCIS approves the petition, it sends the petition to National Visa Center for processing, prior to being sent to the US embassy or consulate where the fiancé(e) will apply for a "K-1 nonimmigrant visa for a fiancé(e)".
The marriage must be legally possible according to laws of the state in the United States where the marriage will take place. The two people must have met in person, in general within the past two years (the Department of Homeland Security's U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services-USCIS grants some exceptions to this requirement). For example, it may be contrary in some traditions for a man and woman to meet before marriage. Sometimes the USCIS considers a person a "fiancé(e)" even though a marriage contract has been concluded. In such cases, the American citizen petitioner and his/her spouse have not met, and they have not consummated the marriage.
The I-129 Form petition is valid for four months from the date of approval from USCIS. Consular officers can extend the validity of the petition (revalidate the petition) if it expires before the processing of the visa application is completed. Because a fiancé(e) visa permits the holder to immigrate to the U.S. and marry an American citizen shortly after arrival in the United States, the fiancé(e) must meet some of the requirements of an immigrant visa. The marriage must occur within 90 days of your fiancé(e)’s entry into the United States. After marriage, the foreign spouse must file the "Form I-485 Application to Register Permanent Residence or to Adjust Status" with the USCIS office that serves the area of residency in the United States. The US spouse must fill out the Affidavit of Support or Form I-864 with the USCIS for the spouse applicant to become a lawful permanent resident (LPR).
The K-1 visa allows a fiancé(e) to enter the United States one time only. If you leave the United States after entering on a K-1 visa, you may not re-enter on the same visa. If the fiancé wants to leave and re-enter the United States, he/she should apply with "Form I-131 Application for Travel Document" to the USCIS office that serves the area of residency for advance parole to return to the United States. As a K-1 visa holder you may file "Form I-765 Application for Employment Authorization" with the USCIS office that serves the area of residency for a work permit (employment authorization document).
Informação sobre visto K-1 em português
Para efeitos de obtenção de visto, uma noiva ou um noivo que pretenda casar-se com cidadão/ã norte-americano/a não pode estar sujeita/o a nenhuma forma de impedimento legal, devendo o casamento ser passível de realizar-se de acordo com as leis do estado de residência do cidadão/ã norte-americano/a. Os cidadãos norte-americanos que desejam trazer sua noiva/seu noivo para casar-se e morar nos EUA devem fazê-lo mediante requerimento do visto apropriado, denominado "K-1 - Nonimmigrant visa for fiance(e)".
O visto K-1 é concedido para que a/o noiva/o brasileira/o possa viajar aos EUA com o intuito de realizar o casamento. O/A cidadão/ã norte-americano é a pessoa responsável por dar entrada no pedido do visto, através do preenchimento do formulário "I-129F fiance(e)" e de sua apresentação ao escritório do "Department of Homeland Security's U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)" mais perto do seu local de residência nos EUA.
Após aprovar o requerimento, o "USCIS" envia uma autorização ao "National Visa Center"’ para que o visto seja processado e enviado para a Embaixada ou Consulado norte-americano do lugar de residência da/o noiva/o. Uma vez aprovado, o formulário I-129 tem validade de 4 meses para ser utilizado. Uma vez tendo entrado nos EUA, a pessoa portadora do visto K-1 tem um prazo de 90 dias para realizar o casamento. A partir da celebração do casamento, a pessoa portadora do visto K-1 deve solicitar sua mudança de status, mediante o preenchimento do formulário I-485, denominado "Application to Register Permanent Residence or to Adjust Status with the USCIS", pois o visto K-1 apenas permite que seu/sua portador/a entre nos EUA uma única vez. Se a pessoa tiver que sair dos EUA com um visto K-1 deve estar ciente de que não poderá reentrar nos EUA com o mesmo tipo de visto.